Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)

BSP symbol

Bahujan Samaj Party is India’s third largest national party. However, BSP did not win any seats in the Lok Sabha.
The party came into being to represent Bahujans (people in the majority).
These include Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Castes (OBC), with religious minorities.


Kanshi Ram founded the party in 1984 when Bahujans comprised 85% of India’s population.
However, they were divided into 6,000 different castes.


The party has been strongly inspired by the philosophy of Gautama Buddha, B.R Ambedkar and many more.
Adding to this, it also includes religious minorities such as Sikhs, Muslims, Christians and many more.
Party also claims that they are not prejudiced against upper-caste Hindus.

While addressing the audience, Mayawati said that their policies and ideologies are not against any caste or religion.

Strategy and Planning:

The party was founded on the birth anniversary of B.R. Ambedkar.
The main aim of the party was to collect more and more votes from the lower section of the society who were in the majority.

They are trying hard to mobilize Dalits. This is done by using local heroes, myths, legends, and histories.
The stories are being told and projected in such a way that Dalits bring out their role in developing the nation.

Party’s growth and Development:

Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)

Party grew quickly with backing seats in the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh and Lok Sabha.
Initially, Mayawati joined hands with Samajwadi Party and came into coalition. However, on 02 June
1995, she withdrew support from Samajwadi Party.

Mayawati then took support from BJP to become the Chief Minister on 3 June 1995. However, after
a time period of about 4 months, BJP took back his support from the party and called for a fresh


Party has been finding support right from the start and is not capable enough to fight alone against the major national political parties.