Communist Party of India (CPI)

Communist Party of India (CPI)

Communist Party of India (CPI) , the oldest communist party of India. The foundation date is said to be 26 December 1925.
One of the eight National part of India. CPI (Marxist) got separated from CPI in 1964.
Red is their color of devotion.
It upholds only 2 seats in Lok Sabha. Corn
and Sickle is their Election Symbol. CPI Party was the first opposition in 1952.
Currently led by Sitaram Yechury.


The ultimate idea of CPI Party ideology is communism. Communism literally means power in the hands of Single person.
Single person acts as a Monarch or Conquerer.
Communist Party aims at building & establishing Communist Society.
Transforming Capitalist state into a Socialistic State is a Goal of CPI.

Left-Wing in India:

Birth of Communist's:

There are many versions of the establishment of CPI Party . While Party claims to be formed at Kanpur ( then Cawnpore).
Founded by M.N. Roy, Abani Mukherji, Mohammad Ali, Mohammad Shafiq Siddiqui & others. Many Small communist groups were also formed in various regions.

Communist in Independence Struggle:

Shripad Amrit Dange, M.N.Roy & many others were charged with Conspiracy case. Communist leaders were charged for influencing kings.

For complete separation of India from Britain. However, in 1940 the party was banned by Britishers.
Communist’s played the leading role in mobilizing crores of workers. Peasants, Adivasis, women, middle class,

Students, the youth started demanding their’s & country's liberalization.
Thus communists organized all sections for freedom, democracy, and socialism.

Communist Party after Independence:

Communist Party of India led armed struggles against a series of local monarchs that were reluctant to give up their power.
Especially in Hyderabad & Telangana against Nizam of Hyderabad.

Movements for Reforms:

Manipur, CPI Party became a force to establish agrarian struggle. Movements for land reform, trade union movement were at zenith.
The leadership of CPI united workers, unwaged workers & bank employees.
This ensured mass support in north India.

National Leaders:

Firebrand Communist leaders, Homi F. Daji, Guru Radha Kishan, H L Parwana, Sarjoo Pandey & many more.
Leaders emerged between the masses and the working Emerging Leaders of CPI Party were close to public & poor.

Guru Radha Kishan’s fast till Death helped CPI in transforming CPI’s image.

Election and Government Composition

During General Elections of 1957, CPI emerged as Largest Opposition.
The same year, CPI won the state elections in Kerala. In 1970–77, CPI allied with Congress party. Congress-CPI formed a government, CPI-leader C.
Achutha Menon became Chief Minister.

Present Situation

Presently, the CPI-CPI(M) coalition (LDF) is in power in Kerala.
They have been rotted out from West Bengal in 2016. 2019 general election CPI won only 2 seats.

Election Commission has asked for evoking their National Party Status.
Star leader of CPI in 2019 General Elections was Kanhaiya Kumar. Kanhaiya Kumar, fought from Begusarai also lost.

What needs to be done

The prime focus of CPI should be on Improving boot strength. Activities and Decision in National Interest must be in-acted. Lack of Effective

Leadership. Events, Like JNU, gained more negative emotions for CPI.
Focus Better Policies and Effective Governance models.
Use of Kerala The model should be highly used.