Vladimir Lenin - Russian Revolutionary

Vladimir Lenin, Marxism, Communism, Russian Revolution, Leninism
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Vladimir Lenin, fouders of Communism in world . He was the leader if the Communist party in Russia. He took Marxism one step ahead. One of the most cintroversial Figure of Past. He played an Important role in fetching Russia out of world war 1. His writings were published & distributed secretly.

Early Life

Lenin wasn’t Born instead Constructed. He was born as Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov. He was born on 22 April, 1870. Born in town of Simbirsk on the Volga. His father, Nikolaevich Ulyanov was public official. His Mother, Alexandrovna Ulyanov. His Wife, Nadezhda Krupskaya, Revolutionary herself.

Education

Vladimir Lenin was a brilliant child from beginning. On Completion his secondary schooling Lenin secured highest marks in all subjects. Lenin Completed his Law with first class grades in 1892.

Young Revolutionary

As, Marxism was established deeply into society. Not, Marx but Nikolai Chernyshevsky who had greatest impact on Lenin. The Novel written by Nikolai impacted Lenin a lot. As a top student Lenin would have entitled to walk into the best of universities. However, it took long struggle for his master to get him admitted to local university, Kazan. Following, In 1887 his brother Alexander was arrested & executed. Additionally, his mother’s emotional outburst (on her son & husband’s death)made him angry.

Also, Inequality surrounding the country's environment was a big concern for him.

Rise of Lenin

In 1895 several Marxist leaders (including Lenin) were arrested. Vladimir Lenin was exiled to Siberia for 3 years. According to Lenin, peasants were victims of repression of landlords & state. Also, they were poor, ignorant & short-lived. And, their life was full of alcohol & domestic violence due to anger & frustration within.

Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP)

Vladimir Lenin decide to fight against all atrocities by forming a Political Party. In 1898, he founded his own party, to fight against Proletarian. In 1901 for first time he used name Lenin, while escaping from authority. Though, party split in ideology between Olds & Youngs. Thereby, two newspapers came out from the party. One, Iskra backed by Lenin & other was Zarya. But, party was filled with quarrel & disputes broke out & splits into Bolsheviks & Mensheviks. Soon, his faction of party was termed as RSDLP.

Political Problems

After his exile Lenin settled in Pskov. Thereafter, he went around the world for funds for his newspaper. Hence, Iskra became most successful newspaper. He published two political articles What’s to be done in 1902 & One step Forward & Two step back in 1904, then resigned from Iskra. Further, he founded new newspaper Vpered.

Bloody Sunday

A priest Father Georgy Gapon led an unarmed demonstration in St.Petersberg on 22 January, 1905. On 9 January, 1905 group of workers Marched towards Winter Palace to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas 2. Unfortunately, security forces stopped them & fired on the Group resulting in deaths of several workers. Actually, this demonstration was called for reform against Russian Government. Lenin became very angry with this incident & struggles led against Government. Even, Vladimir Lenin ordered to rob down banks & kill everyone in their paths. Indeed, revolution got speedup between Tsar & Lenin. He came back but went to Finland & England & Continued his revolution from their.

Role in World War 1

Vladimir Lenin was in Galicia during 1st World War, Lenin was in exile. During 1916 he wrote & published Imperialism, the Highest stage of Capitalism. Then, he attended Zimmerwald & Kienthal Conference in 1915 & 1916. Though, these conferences he urged socialist to convert Imperialsit War into Civil War against Bourgeoisie & Aristocracy.

Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution broke out in 1917 in St.Petersburg. Industrial workers went on strike over food shortages & deteriorating factory condition. Tired, hungry & war weary Russia deposed the Tsars. Tsars family & his commander was brutally killed in this war. Lenin quickly returned home & acquire power & denounced country’s newly formed provincial government. Late 1917, Lenin led the war lasted from February to October & termed as October Revolution. Following, October Revolution civil war broke out in country. Though, Lenin led government faced opposition from whites. The Anti-soviet forces fought to overthrow Lenin’s Red Regime but Lenin crushed them brutally.



Lenin: The Leader

Vladimir Lenin issued Order on Worker’s Control. This called workers to form an elected commitee to monitor their enterprise management. Also, he ordered requisitioning of Country’s Gold & Nationalization of Banks. Which According to him was a step forward towards Socialism. But, In 1921 he faced same kind of agitation from peasants. Several strikes in cities & rural section of country broke out, threatening stability of Lenin’s Government.

Economic Policy

Vladimir Lenin issued Order work for everyone in Russia. Then, issued order claiming free, Secular education to all children’s in Russia. Thereafter, Nationalised foreign trade, establishing state’s monopoly in exports & imports. Furthermore, he declare nationalization of railways,
engineering, mining, textiles & other public utilities. Therefore, in 1920 he brought small scale enterprises under state control. Eventually, established a Supreme Council on National Economy (VSNkh). This council had authority over industry, Banking, Agriculture & trade.

Formation of USSR

He expected Russian Aristocracy & bourgeoisie to oppose his government. But the support of lower class & Bolshevik’s promise a swift victory for him in any conflict. While, Red army was sent to Independent nations to aid Marxists in establishing Soviet system of Government. Hence, the Treaty along with declaration for creation of USSR was approved in 1922.

Leninism

Humanity would eventually reach pure communism becoming Stateless, Classless, egalitarian society of workers. And, workers will be free from Exploitation & shall controlled their own destiny.

He believed society could not transform directly but first enter a period of Socialism. His main aim was to convert Russia into Socialist society. Further, he believed dictatorship was necessary.

Death

Vladimir Lenin was disappointed with Joseph Stalin. On January 21, 1924 he passed away in a village. Before death Lenin expressed remorse over dictatorship dominating Soviet Government.

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